Small Signs prepare Great Stories


International HR, Human Factor and Human Potential Researcher, Writer

© Extracted from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” written by Daniele Trevisani, available on Amazon

Small Signs prepare Great Stories

The interesting view of Human Potential Research is that before achieving great goals, small goals are required. Why does this happen?

The reason lies in the very sense of being deeply human: born fragile, almost powerless, unable to self-sustain. From that point, arriving to a peak where one can be self-sustaining, keep going, look for challenges, and even take care of others, is a great journey.

Struggling for becoming fully functioning and gain the best of what we can be is a sacred journey. Fully expressed potential is not just a matter of performance and tangible goals, it is a value for itself, something that gives a meaning to life.

Most forms or self-handicapping come from the unknown error of listening too much to social expectations. These expectations bring you towards a statically “normal” or average state where you cannot be yourself.

You can express yourself in fields so different as sports, science, cooking, dancing, fighting, running, painting, managing. Or all together.

There is no great genius without some touch of madness.


Do not seek for the “average” path but follow an inspiration, at least one in life in a given period of time, where you feel that you can express yourself.

For any little advancement, a new sense of possibility arises, so that – as for a climber or an explorer – new horizons soon come up in your path step after step, horizons that were formerly unthought-of, or considered too far, too big, too heavy.

This “opening” is generative; it invites individuals and leaders to go ahead, to progress in a further exploration of what at the moment is barely thinkable, and to turn this attitude into advancement for the Self, progress for the family, for a Team, for a Business. Starting from the Self, we can generate progress for a country, up to the entire Humanity.

A semiotic map of what an expectation is, shows some very important connections:

  • Expectation-belief connection: you expect things based on what you believe it is true. What if someone thought you that it is better to win money betting in the financial market rather than working at your skills? What if a company leader holds the belief that the Stock Exchange will be the final moral judge instead of moral values, searching a strong future, choice after choice?
  • Expectation can generate apprehension. Apprehension is the doorway to anxiety, to fear and to terror. When one is not free to make mistakes, when one believes he/she cannot commit a mistake, this will determine a decision block.
  • Well expressed and well defined expectations can generate hope and positive promises
  • If you change your beliefs, you can change your expectations. If as a leader you set some strong beliefs, they will turn into different expectations.
  • Leading people amid the chaos of expectations, beliefs, truth and wisdom, in a stream of confusion, is real leadership.This is the deepest and highest forms of real Human Potential expression.

    Understanding, knowledge, curiosity, holistic interests, trials and errors, perseverance, are all ingredients that start to emerge in the alchemic recipe for a new life.

    It had long since come to my attention that people of accomplishment rarely sat back and let things happen to them.

    They went out and happened to things.

    Leonardo da Vinci


  • © Extracted from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” written by Daniele Trevisani, available on Amazon

There is no Power without Knowledge. Wisdom and “Noesis” for Climbing the mountains of life

Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)

There is no Power without Knowledge. Wisdom and “Noesis” for Climbing the mountains of life

Even small tasks like making a phone call or going into a bar and interact with someone, can become huge mountains to climb when we are empty of energies. And very often we give up even before trying reaching the first step.

Our view is that it is always worth trying to improve ourselves, we can become alchemists of our personal growth, alchemist for organizations or clients, and deeply inside, researchers.

Researchers do not just look for data. Researchers look for knowledge, meanings, truth, getting rid of fake perceptions. The result of a good research into the truth is “Noesis”, the generation of new patterns of thought, new light, new knowledge that replaces fake or unreal assumptions and truths.

Been rooted in ancient European philosophical texts, we will often pay a tribute to Latin Wisdom, phrases that explain, much deeper that modern “fast and easy” manuals, deep meanings for leadership.

Qui audet adipiscitur

S/he who dares wins

The art and science of accessing and opening the vast amount of hidden human energies has just begun.

Fortunately, a new Science of Human Factor is rising, a science of what Humans can do, achieve, and generate, when functioning at their best.

Any science is based on knowledge. As the following semiotic map depicts, knowledge or “Noesis” is strongly related to Power. Cognition, knowledge, and therefore training, study and research can generate Power

map 01

Having “Power without Knowledge” is like giving a gun to a 1 or 2-years old baby, that will use it as a toy, very likely killing someone by mistake, generating severe damages. Knowledge, instead, can become the instrument for developing and improving the world we live in.

For functioning at our best, we need to take into account the fact that we are made of physical matter (bones, muscles, tissue…) but also have dreams and feelings.

Our intangible states, emotions, our levels of consciousness, our values, desires, memories, assets and skills determine the performance we can achieve, the life we can have, the mountains we can climb, the oceans where we can swim, the landscapes that we will be able to see.

The HPM Exa-leadership Method derives its name from the primary objective of Modeling, giving “shape” to Human Energies, generating power and “crafting” intangible possibilities into real life and real action, as much as an artist gives shape to its distinctive and unique form of art starting from a vague idea.
Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)

How many energies do we really have? Our Way towards “Powerfulness”

Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)

Knowing how many energies we really have, opposed to an out-of-focus picture or distorted perception, is a precious piece of information.
To learn that, we have to acquire new special skills, the skills of “self-focusing”, installing a “mental radar” that scans our deepest “signs” of internal energies, and their flow.
Semiotics therefore is not only a science for external signs, but also a discipline for self-listening and self-improvement.
The “Psychophysiological Flow”, as Ikemi points out, is a concept created by Carl Rogers, founder of the Humanistic Psychology approach, to describe the ‘sensory and visceral experiences’, or the flow of internal sensations that the individual can perceive, experiences that are sometimes aware and sometimes denied from awareness.
We often do not see the signs of stress that our body is giving us. We do not see the level of energies in people around us. We do not perceive the active values in others, they mental maps, despite the many “signs” that we could learn to perceive and interpret.
One of these experiences, in our approach, is the ability to read our “potential energy” as opposed to “supposed energy”. Our perception is distorted by so many external messages on what we can do and we cannot do, that we stop listening to what our soul wishes for us.
Rogers stated that there is an ongoing flow of experiencing inside every human being and that the ability to connect with this flow (become aware of it) and to provide correct labels for the perceived sensations and emotions (process called by Eugene Gendlin “Referencing”) has a direct impact on emotional wellness. A person can turn to it and discover meaning from those experiences.
He also articulates the relationship between words and this flow of experiencing which can be used as a ‘referent’. Matching words and the referent ‘encourages a further flow of the experiencing’ .
As this semiotic map shows, the search for power is a search for potency, effectiveness and strength, but also an opposition to a miserable state of “powerlessness” that ruins so many lives and organizations when faced with really sever challenges.

For this analysis it is important to introduce a new concept: “powerfulness”, the deep sense of being and feeling powerful when confronting our hopes and lifes challenges, feeling a powerful to overcome obstacles, and training every single day to improve our own inner power.

The search for Human Performance has to be connected to higher values, a fight against impotence, powerlessness, conditions of poverty, misery, suffered. In this sense leadership achieves a strong and solid emotional meaning for those who engage in this search and strong ethical values.
The tasks we are able to perform in life, are really deeply linked to the energy level we are able to access and generate.
Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)

A new light for observing what Performances really are

Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)


A new light for observing what Performances really are

Getting rid of anxiety, depression, sick moods, is important and is a strong achievement for a good work on Human Potential. But it is not enough. After “cleaning” your machine from any unwanted burden, after fixing it and removing the dust, you might want to race with it, or use it for a wonderful trip to any destination.

The race of life or the trips of life as an opportunity are so many, and the time so little, that it is really worth trying to get rid of any unnecessary dust and burden that are cluttering our energies.

A human potential model aims at reaching positive conditions, as feeling good and full of energy, and considers this condition as a sacred destination for all Human Beings.

The following semiotic map shows that performance can have two very different set of meanings

  1. A demonstration, a sort of “presentation” or show
  2. A form of expression, a contribution.

Our approach is solidly grounding into the second area: performance and leadership as a field of self-expression rather than a mere “packaging”, nice to see but deeply unuseful and empty of values.

performance 2

Leadership has to do with the ability to unveil full Human Potential in the people that work towards a goal and in an organization.

Full Human Potential is a goal to achieve for mankind and for every free soul.

This dimension is not only practical, it becomes spiritual, it goes beyond the individual and reaches families, teams and organizations, or even entire nations and areas. When positive leadership unveils, we see a huge wave of positive energies coming out, projects, advancements, energy that busts the fog that blocks the sight of the positive destiny that every soul was born for.

Every Human Being derives power and performances from the ability to generate the right level of energy for the task – not more (it would be a waste of energy), not less (the task would not be accomplished).
Semiotics for Leadership book cover thumb© Article by Daniele Trevisani, from the book “Semiotics for Leaders” (see in Amazon more details about the book)

What does “Better” mean for you?

enlightmenthuman potentialhuman creativity

By Dr. Daniele Trevisani (Linkedin Page)– anticipation from the volumes “Human Potential” and “The Soul Box” (Amazon Ebook)


If you arrive to a point where you are able to define “better” from a really internal viewpoint, from a novel cleaner way of reasoning, and out of forced cultural or external expectations, you will be very close to wisdom.

And if what is “better” for you does not correspond to what the advertising industry is showing, don’t worry. Probably you are on a good path. Express your thoughts freely about what is “better” for you.

Free expression is the base of human rights, the root of human nature and the mother of truth. To kill free speech is to insult human rights, to stifle human nature and to suppress truth.

Liu Xiaobo

When you do so, you are on a good path.

If you do not ask yourself what humans can do with their intelligence and technology, and where we should be headed to, that is like using a supercomputer as a typing machine. Is that real Human Potential?

To bring out the truth of the need to stop and pose difficult life-meaning questions to ourselves and our leaders, is like bearing the flag of freedom in a dictatorship in its central plaza.

I feel that with just one life to spend, I do not want to waste it in lies on things like Human Potential. It is not “fast and easy”, it is a life-long path.

If we do not have a clear idea about what Human Potential is, we will never be Educators, and will never achieve any type of Leadership.

To be the CEO or General Director of an Educational Institution does not make anyone an Expert on Human Potential in Education. It’s just a tag, anyone who has this tag should be proud of it but start after “second 1” to search for the truth of what a “Progress” really is.

Progress, also tends to be very “role-specific”, on example the progress in school grades is usually considered separated from progresses achieved in physical activity, sports and fitness. This separation neglects the unity of Human Potential and the interconnections among all of the human spheres of action. When we find in which field we wish to express ourselves.

A student, scientist or manager that practices sport will also be a better “thinker” since he/she will get rid of stress and have more phisical energies in any field, also intellectually.

For the same “law of interconnectedness inner energies” people who do high-intensity phisical sports will benefit from learning mental techniques on control of mind-states, relaxation, meditation, and similar.

We tend to identify ourselves in one of the several roles interpreted in life, as a one-shot imprinting, without considering that any role is a transition, is momentary and will sooner or later vanish. Being a kid vanishes, being a teenager vanishes, being a student vanishes, every job sooner or later vanishes.

We should look at our identity as a continuously evolving co-presence of several roles, unified by a soul that gives us a life purpose, a solid root of which we can be more or less aware.

For this reason the work on Human Potential must include both a work at the very “low level” of the body, a research at the “intermediate level” of skills and abilities, and a work at the very “high level” of values, life-dreams and core beliefs.

The tags Low, middle, and high, do not imply here a judgment, but the position along the continuum from tangible Human Factor issues (e.g., body power) to intangible issues (such as, the strength of personal values).

When an individual – or an entire group of people – increase their energy levels, new challenges become possible, new ways of being do emerge from the darkness and the unknown, and new forms of leadership arise.

Taking full consciousness of our self-potential and fight for reaching it, is a blessed mission, a sacred operation that goes beyond the numeric or professional results that might arrive.

By Dr. Daniele Trevisani (Linkedin Page)– anticipation from the volumes “Human Potential” and “The Soul Box” (Amazon Ebook)

Human Beings and Human Energies


© Anticipation from the book “Human Potential”, by Dr. Daniele Trevisani

The human being has its own global energy economy, a set of delicate balances from which he derives the degree of overall “power”, the ability to deal with cases, actions, challenges, problems, small or large, simple or complex, dominating them, or – otherwise – getting crushed.

The alchemy of the entire personal energy is tremendously complex. Even the local districts of the human system have their own local economy.

We examine not only the whole, but also specific parts. The energy economy covers both macro-regions (eg.: physical and mental) up, scale down, to touch very specific micro-economies.

There are local economies in the physical districts, like a shoulder, knee, stomach, and every other organ.

The same is true for the economies related to mental skills, such as concentration, situational awareness, sharp decision making.

The mind has its own global economies which leads it to work for better or worse, as well as economies in specific cognitive areas, eg., creativity in finding solutions decreases when we are overstressed, or under excessive emotional fatigue, while relaxation and mental training increases it.

Each district (both corporeal and cerebral) is also an open system, and is affected by the districts with which it interacts. The complex of individual energies is therefore articulate and it connects to the performance that the person may generate.

Each organ lives of exhaustible resources, has its capacity thresholds, specific levels of resistance to stress and breakage, which can not be ignored. When we ask too much to ourselves we break.

For example, rheumatologists and orthopedic doctors study the concept of “joint protection”, that is, the ” economy of the joint “: how much load it can hold, how much work it can absorbe, what can damage it, what activities can toughen it. But without a holistic approach, a doctor would not care of your joints economy. He would probably give you an anti-inflammatory and throw you out of the office, ignoring your need for stretching, integration, phisical activity, and the economics of your joint.

Each area of the body, such as a knee, has its local economy, and we can study how much a person can run without inflaming it, what are the physical activity that can strengthen it, or rather hurt it, what kind of nutrients are needed to keep the cartilage in good condition, and even the skills needed for lifting a heavy object without damaging it.

Asking people to give performance without studying (1) the state of the energies they have, and, (2) local economies most directly involved in the specific performance, is not our philosophy and not even an attitude of good leadership.


© Anticipation from the book “Human Potential”, by Dr. Daniele Trevisani


Fight against the giants


© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

Aut vincere aut mori

Either to conquer or to die

Those who engage into Human Potential research are winners from the very start.

They are winner morally. But they have to take into account and incorporate the idea that failure will become a life companion, because the challenges are sometimes so large, huge, enormous… challenges against giants that seem so much bigger than us, and it seems useless to even try.

Well… some battles require us to adopt the Latin motto “Either to conquer or to die”, because there is really no sense in staying in the middle. Not for the battles that really matter.

  • Ridding the world of poverty, hunger and misery?
  • Making of every human being a happy creature?
  • Knowing the nature of man?
  • Understanding how the universe works?

Utopias, some say. Challenges, say others.

There is heroism around. There’s always been. It is found in anyone’s life will refuses make compromises with his/her values.

You find it everywhere. It appears in the eyes of someone who feels the spirit of research, the desire to understand, the desire to challenge ignorance, to change things for the better.

All these battles are worth fighting. If you are ready to lose, you can start. If you are interested in fighting, I’ll give you some good reason to fight. Coaching is about finding tools, training, and weapons, for your fight. We will fight this battle together.


“Yes, you’re right,”

Liu Kang said.

“We will all die, but not today, and not in this battle!”[1]


Pay attention here. I’m not talking necessarily of physical battles, fights or verbal arguments. There are enemies that deserve the clash but these are nothing compared to the mother of all battles: the battle for knowledge.

Searching a cure for a disease is a battle. Fighting injustice is a battle. The attempt to find clean energy for mankind is a battle. The desire to revolutionize transportation systems worldwide. When we will be able – thanks to “flying cars” or any really innovative transportation system – to live in a place and work in a place 2.000 km far, we will be really free, mankind will understand what freedom really is, it will be possible to revolutionize the concepts of jobs and living. Many call these ideas utopians: I like to call them “drivers”.

A battle is also the freedom to dream and fly with your mind.

Projects are nothing but fantasies put into practice.

We must give everyone the opportunity to study. We must feed people’s thirst for knowledge. An army of researchers with the common goal of exploring the depth of Human Potential is extremely powerful, it is an army that will defeat the darkness. We do not do it just for material satisfaction; we do it because it is right to do it.


Ab honesto virum bonum nihil deterret

Nothing deters a good man from the performance of his duties

Personal Energy is the key for many challenges. From daily tasks as growing kids into conscious adults, to the study the most distant phenomena of the universe, or the inner processes of the mind. All of these challenges require strength and energy.

Energy is what you need to be able to dare, to travel with your mind, to go beyond current limitations. To dare is already an act. Without daring, no action that goes beyond the “status quo” (the given condition) is even possible.


Audere est facere

To dare is to do.


The fight lacks no enemies: physical suffering, pain, hunger, or intellectual misery, wherever it is. The fight against ignorance, the fight against bullying, violence, arrogance, intimidation, mental prisons, regimes and religions of oppression, of mental control over “thinkers” that refuse to give up, refuse to obey to the rule that generates the “Spiral of Silence”, a place where you cannot speak, you cannot dare, you cannot look beyond, you cannot state a different opinion.

Humanity is a sewer but there are also flowers in that sewer and every human being can flourish if nourished phisicall and mentally with good ingredients. This is the view of Human Potential.

Those who say that there is nothing to do for that, have already lost, mentally.

These are all battles. And we are so small against these giants. But we will fight anyway, and we will be more and more. 300 heroes defeated the Persians, and the Spartan Spirit is everywhere. It’s also inside me and you.


[1] Dialogue from Mortal Kombat: Existence. Chapter 9. Published: 09-12-06 on website


© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

Living your life and not other’s memories

life pathlife choices

You’ve got to choose… so, on which side do you want to stay?

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life


Living our life proudly and not only in other’s memories

Some humans stubbornly continue to pursue the battle to build something good, commit themselves, and keep themselves busy in trying to improve human condition and overall humanity. Others do not care, others, even worse, destroy. Which category you want to join?

Anyone who enlists in the first category shall enter into an elite, an immortal army to which thousands of unknown people belonged, people who have worked in the dark and in silence for a noble cause, but also persons who have become famous, such as Leonardo da Vinci, Mother Teresa of Calcutta, and who knows how many others. Whether you are part of known or unknown, of famous or forgotten, your struggle will always have sense.

There is a payoff in choosing to stay among those who try to improve freedom and enhance human potential: to look back afterwards and be satisfied of our very self and what we have tried to achieve.

Ampliat aetatis spatium sibi vir bonus; hoc est vivere bis vita posse priore frui

The good man extends the period of his life; it is to live twice, to enjoy with satisfaction the retrospect of our past life.


But this payoff is not the reason, it’s not the ultimate goal. The real goal is being proud now of what we are striving for. We do not have to wait until the final day for being proud. We can be proud in any single moment of our life, when we work on the right purposes.

Fama semper vivat

May his/her fame last forever (Ancient Latin motto)


But fame after death is not enough. It is what we look for in our daily life that makes it honorable, and if not memorable, who cares. Self-honor is now!

I really think that Leonardo da Vinci does not care, right now, about being famous. He’s dead. But I think he cared to know, while he was alive, he was working on something. Something important. Something that could change the world.

Why should we not try? Why should we castrate our very inner sense of freedom? Why living in misery if we can bring light in our path and try to improve our world? There is no religion that can tell you to suffer for the sake of suffering, or to stay in a cave when you can fly.

And if the battle is hard, do not fear hardness, do not retrieve in the mass if your path is taking your life towards life. Live like a hero in ordinary life.

Luctor et Emergo

I struggle (I fight) and I emerge

(Ancient Latin motto)

Be proud of what you are looking for. Be proud of yourself while you are doing your research. Be proud of be a freedom-searcher and truth seeker.

This is a very good way to honor life during life and not only in other’s memories.

Dum vivimus, vivamus –

While we live, let us live (Epicurean philosophy)



© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

Finding Inner Energies

© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

human potential, freedom, courage, motivationprsonal energy

Searching deeply inside Latin Culture, we see a culture that inspired apparently opposite phenomenon as the pioneering scientific discoveries of Leonardo da Vinci or Galileo, as well as the Gladiators fights for life in the Coliseum and the unmatched fighting abilities of the Roman Army.

Despite the differences, it is easy to find a deeply rooted acceptance of “challenge” as noble goal, the fearless search for the unknown and the impossible, and “training” for improving personal strength, getting ready for life fights.

Per aspera ad astra!

Through difficulties to the stars!

(Latin Motto)


This habit that found a high expression in D’Annunzio (Italian Poet and Warrior) and his motto “Memento Audere SemperRemember to Always Dare).

The capacity to fight can bring to the ability to fight in life for your values and requires an alchemical transformation. This is a great opportunity which is denied to many, by “labels” that consider any combat or martial training something “violent”, forgetting that peace requires people of goodwill and mental energies willing to engage to achieve it. Anything can become violent, even playing a guitar, depending on the spirit that is used by the players. We need therefore to focus on the “spirit” and the “emotional side” of the game of life and how a good training can help us in an alchemical transformation.

Mental Coaching can help to explore how to get rid of negative emotions and discover the secrets that a good Mental State combined with Physical State can generate. These inner attitudes can produce higher compassion, relaxation, deep consciousness, removal from unnecessary aggressiveness, and ability to focus in battle and under stress.

You can accept a challenge only if you are mentally prepared for it. Emotional challenges and physical challenges are so great, that either you decide to make your life a constant laboratory of self-improvement, and prepare for it, or you give up. We are not among those who give up.


Qui audet adipiscitur

S/he who dares wins


In this world we have the opportunity to do a good journey, and leave a positive mark at the end of your trip. And that’s not all. The ancient Latin culture helps us to understand that we can generate our own journey, we are not forced to “absorb” what the destiny or our culture of origin has prepared for us.

But for every stretch of road, you need some form of energy.

So, we need to focus on the mental energy you need to make this journey, examine and find some secrets that lie within the ancient Latin culture, and combine old Latin wisdom with modern science. A great challenge!

Energies are everywhere. How can you let them grow in you? How can you measure it, how to understand at which level you are in a given moment? We must find ancient secrets and merge them with modern science to find and how to prepare for the battles and to regenerate ourselves.

We must find a way to go ahead despite the difficulties, and to exploit the opportunities which sometimes appear in front of us.

It is a battle without limits and without end. The only purpose is to improve oneself and the world.

Working out combining physical and mental training, forces the brain to reconfigure itself[1]. In Martial Arts and Combat Sports, some mental dynamics and emotional dynamics of the combat rituals produce a unique quest of reconfiguration, working on both the intangible self-image and the real body structure.

The creation-removal of synaptic connections is accelerated and directed towards different configurations, a different “archetype” that can go towards the “warrior”, the “magician”, the “alchemist”, and reduce archetypes of victimization and helplessness.

Becoming more powerful, more resistant and resilient is not only a matter of pride, it is a matter of what you can do with the energies you earned on the ring, on a “tatami”, or in the gym, and bring them in the ring of life, on the tatami of a family difficult moment, in a company during a meeting, and also to face the highest challenges of life: growing a family, making new discoveries, try to improve humanity. The more energy you will have, the more you will able to contribute to others, and to fight against your inner daemons.

Working on this endless dream helps us to rediscover the pride and reason to exist. Start working out today on a balance of what you received from the world and what you would like to leave to this world. It will inspire you for the rest of your life.

[1] Foster PP, (2015), Role of physical and mental training in brain network configuration, in: Frontier in Aging Neuroscience. 2015 Jun 23;7:117


© Article by Dr. Daniele Trevisani – – Copyright. Adapted from the book The Soul Box. Ancient Wisdom meets Human Potential Research. Thoughts for Self-Expression, Inner Energy and Life

Psicologia delle emozioni ed intelligenze multiple

Non esiste una sola forma di intelligenza    

miniatura-copertina-Self-PowerCopyright articolo estratto dal volume Self – power. Psicologia della motivazione e della performance, di Daniele Trevisani. Franco Angeli editore, Milano.


L’intelligenza emotiva ci parla della capacità di “sentire” le emozioni altrui.

Non è da tutti avvicinarci emotivamente agli altri, e nemmeno capire i propri stati emotivi, nonostante ci vivano dentro.

È curioso come tutti chiedano agli altri di “capirli” mentre tutti si sforzano di rimanere chiusi nel proprio mondo e non farvi entrare nessuno.


Tutti vorrebbero un amico, ma nessuno prova ad esserlo.

Jim Morrison


Le emozioni sono da tempo al centro delle performance personali, manageriali e sportive.

Gli studi di Le Doux[1] evidenziano che gli stimoli esterni attivano le emozioni attraverso vari canali, ma soprattutto che le emozioni trovano vie per esprimersi anche se non vogliamo, al di la della nostra parte razionale.

Esistono scorciatoie primordiali attraverso cui gli stimoli bypassano la neocorteccia (la parte più culturale del cervello) e arrivano direttamente al “cervello rettile” e alla zona limbica, la parte del cervello più antica.

Cosa significa questo? Che gli stimoli legati allo svolgere performance possono avere valutazioni duplici e arrecare dissonanza.

Ad esempio possono essere valutati positivamente a livello razionale, intellettuale, analitico, ma trasmettere inconsapevolmente paura e produrre ansia attivando la parte più remota e antica del cervello.

Il volo d’aereo è un esempio di stimolo a duplice valenza: le statistiche dicono che è il mezzo di trasporto più sicuro, la ragione vorrebbe credere che sia così, ma la nostra parte animale ha paura di cadere.

Altre situazioni simili sono legate alle performance manageriali.

Parlare in pubblico o esporre un progetto davanti ad una vasta platea, razionalmente, non dovrebbe porre ansia, ma attiva in realtà gli stessi meccanismi di chi vedeva davanti a sé nell’antichità un’orda di nemici o predatori pronti a sbranarci: in questi casi si mettono in moto i meccanismi di attacco-fuga, il cuore sale nei battiti, la digestione si ferma, il corpo si fa pronto per combattere. Possono insorgere attacchi di panico che bloccano completamente, o stati di ansia che danneggiano la performance.

Sul fronte positivo, invece, attiviamo emozioni positive spesso verso mète o attività di cui non capiamo bene il senso, e tuttavia queste ci provocano piacere, un piacere non razionale e soprattutto viscerale. Luoghi amati, persone, paesaggi, stimoli, i quali ci “accendono” senza che capiamo bene perché.

Una buona performance richiede quindi nuove abilità psicologiche nel riconoscere le dinamiche emotive, attivarle, e gestirle, anche e soprattutto nei leader che devono ottenere e sviluppare risultati attraverso le persone.

Alcuni motivi per farlo sono collegati al concetto di intelligenze multiple (Gardner). Un progetto di active training attiva le intelligenze multiple.

Nel 1983, Howard Gardner in Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences inserisce in letteratura il concetto delle intelligenze plurime o multiple, che includono – tra le altre – questioni fondamentali, come l’intelligenza interpersonale (capacità di relazionarsi, capire gli altri), e l’intelligenza intrapersonale (capacità di capire se stessi, entrare in contatto con i propri desideri, sentimenti, paure, stati d’animo).

Le intelligenze attivabili in ciascuno di noi secondo Gardner sono:


  • intelligenza logico-matematica: capacità di astrazione, pensiero logico, ragionamento, uso dei numeri, pensiero critico;
  • intelligenza linguistica: capacità nell’uso della parola e del linguaggio, leggere, scrivere, raccontare;
  • intelligenza visivospaziale: capacità di valutazione degli spazi e visualizzazione mentale;
  • intelligenza musicale e armonica: sensibilità per il suono, ritmo, toni e musica, per gli equilibri e le armonie;
  • intelligenza corporea-cinestesica: capacità di controllo del movimento, del corpo, della gestione di oggetti, dell’azione fisica;
  • intelligenza inter-personale: sensibilità agli stati d’animo, alle relazioni, alle interazioni umane:
  • intelligenza intra-personale: introspezione e auto-riflessione; comprensione dei propri punti di forza, debolezza, unicità, le proprie emozioni e sensazioni;
  • intelligenza naturalistica: interazione con l’ambiente, classificazione di oggetti e cose, ricettività ecologica;
  • intelligenza esistenziale: dimensione religiosa, spirituale, capacità di inserire se stessi e gli eventi in una cornice filosofica[2].


Arriviamo poi al concetto delle Intelligenze Fluide. La Fluid Intelligence[3] comprende il ragionare e risolvere nuovi problemi indipendentemente dalla conoscenza prima acquisita. I ricercatori studiano come i circuiti neurali si abituino – ma solo con allenamento e stimoli giusti – ad affrontare problemi nuovi, in una vita che cambia costantemente e sempre più in fretta.

La capacità di adottare una filosofia di vita migliore richiede il saper abbracciare non solo una dimensione, ma quante più possibile.

Un progetto di active learning consente di “chiamare all’opera” tutte le intelligenze di cui siamo dotati, mentre si apprende una specifica materia.

Attiva inoltre l’intelligenza emotiva, mentre l’apprendimento passivo la soffoca.

L’intelligenza emotiva è un concetto che entra con sempre maggior forza nella didattica. Sviluppato dagli studi di Leuner (1966), Greenspan (1989), Salovey e Mayer (1990), e popolarizzato da Goleman (1995), che sinceramente ne ha tratto tutti i benefici senza averne tutti i meriti.

Durante un progetto di apprendimento lo studente può sperimentare invidia, rivalità, gelosia, stress, tristezza, timidezza, ma anche gioia, apertura, responsabilità, piacere di un risultato, senso di appartenenza, motivazione.

Se riusciamo ad avvicinare lentamente lo studente allo sfondo emotivo positivo, e spostarlo dal fronte negativo dello stress e repulsione verso il sistema scolastico e lo studio, avremo compiuto un’operazione straordinaria.

Se non ci riusciamo, stiamo dando un contributo all’Alexitimia (Alessitimia, o Alexithymia) termine coniato da Peter Sifneos nel 1973 per descrivere lo stato di incapacità nel (1) comprendere, (2) elaborare e (3) descrivere, i propri stati emotivi.

Ogni tipo di performance ha componenti emotive e va analizzata caso per caso. Ad esempio – nel del parlare in pubblico – occorre apprendere a ricordare e segnalare alla parte antica del cervello che non siamo di fronte a nemici con la clava, e che dobbiamo riuscire ad attivare una “relazione d’aiuto” verso l’audience, attivare emozioni positive in questo tipo di attività. Dobbiamo saper attivare il piacere di condividere, di far capire alla platea un messaggio, trasmettere o donare quello che riteniamo utile e importante.

Un leader deve saper attivare le emozioni ancestrali collegate al lottare per o al lottare contro, sia essa una causa nobile, o invece un’ingiustizia.

Questi meccanismi, nonostante la maggiore conoscenza dei funzionamenti sottostanti, non sono per nulla facili e richiedono un allenamento specifico.

Molti blocchi inerenti le performance sono soprattutto blocchi psicologici.

Nuove competenze di “intelligenza emotiva” e “intelligenze fluide”, riguardano quindi la gestione delle emozioni che accompagnano, precedono e seguono le performance, per saper modificare i nostri meccanismi emotivi abituali, dominandoli e facendoli nostri alleati.

Queste abilità devono essere apprese per confrontarsi con i tratti della nostra psicologia individuale che possono bloccarci, l’ansia insita nella propria personalità (definita “ansia di tratto”), l’ansia situazionale generata da un evento specifico (“ansia di stato”), così come l’imparare ad assaporare pienamente le emozioni positive che una performance può offrire.

[1] LeDoux, J. (2003), Il cervello emotivo (alle origini delle emozioni), Baldini & Castoldi, Milano.

[2] Gardner, Howard (1983), Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Basic Books, ISBN 0133306143

[3] Susanne M. Jaeggi, Martin Buschkuehl, John Jonides, and Walter J. Perrig (2008), Improving fluid intelligence with training on working memory, Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of the USA, vol. 105 no. 19


miniatura-copertina-Self-PowerCopyright articolo estratto dal volume Self – power. Psicologia della motivazione e della performance, di Daniele Trevisani. Franco Angeli editore, Milano.

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